Peace Palace

Henry Dunant

Henri Dunant (1828-1910) was a Swiss businessman, social activist and the founder of the Red Cross. Dunant was so shocked by the horrors of war he had seen at the Battle of Solferino (1859) that he decided to devote himself to developing aid work to help wounded soldiers. This resulted in the founding of the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions, for which Dunant received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, making Dunant the first Swiss Nobel laureate.

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